Record labels, recording artists and performers, and publishers and songwriters are represented in Australia (and most other places) by 3 collecting societies aka performing rights organisations (PROs); in Australia, that’s PPCA (recordings) and APRA and AMCOS (musical compositions).
In the USA, there are three main PROs for musical compositions and one for recordings streamed via certain online music services.
Confused? Hopefully this article will enlighten.
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Photo by Stacy Spensley